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A Comparative Study of Traditional and Digital Method of Teaching Social Studies the School of Bhopal

Arjumand Bano

Research Scholar, Barkatullah University Bhopal, M. P., INDIA.

ABSTRACT

Nowadays the role of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), especially internet in the value education sector plays an important role, especially in the process of introducing the technology into the educational activities. The Traditional Approach causes the different methods like lecture method, observation method, discussion method etc. The Traditional Approach is practiced in school teaching. In this methods, text book occupies an important role. Moral values are the standards of good and evil, which govern an individual’s behavior and choices. Individual’s morals may derive from society and government, religion, or self. Religion is important source of moral values Examples of moral values are- Honesty, respect for others, loyalty, responsibility for personal actions, generosity, and kindness and other good values .They are defined as the ideals and principles that guide how people act. Today, human values play a great role in establishing peace and protecting society. Respect is one of the most essential values that people need to have. To show respect to a person, one must be able to appreciate that person's views, qualities and behaviors. Which are of free and consumable resources. The digitalization’s developing very rapidly nowadays. Therefore, in order to balance it, the whole educational system should be reformed and ICT should be integrated into educational activities. Statement of the problem: The statement of research of this study is to understand the“Effectiveness of Information and communication technology (ICT) based teaching for teaching values in social studies to class IV in terms of Achievement ” Three hypotheses have been taken as per objectives- 1. There is no significant effect of treatment on the achievement in moral values when their score of achievement in social studies were taken as covariate. 2. There is no significant effect of gender of the achievement in social studies when their score of achievement in social studies were taken as covariate. 3. There is no significant effect of treatment and gender on the achievement in moral values when their score of achievement in teaching moral values social studies were taken as covariate. The research design is the detailed plan of an investigation in fact, it is blue print of the detailed procedure of testing the hypotheses and analyzing obtained data. On-equivalent Control Group Design is taken by the researcher. For the present study Non-equivalent Control group design was employed. This can be presented as follows: O X O {O = observation} O X O {X = Treatment } Sample size is 72 Students Findings of the study: 1. ICT based teaching was effective in terms of students achievement in social studies with moral values. 2. ICT based teaching was effective in terms of students reaction towards the Approach. Treatment (ICT based teaching) produced a significant differential effect on the students Achievement moral values through in social studies.

Keywords :Digital, Traditional method of teaching, values social studies.